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Old 03-26-2012, 05:33 AM   #3
Soldier of Macedon
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Vatican documents on Macedonia from 17th century
The vaults of the Vatican held a significant number of documents about Macedonia and Macedonians, who have yet to be explored and published. In the archives of the Congregation for the Evangelisation of Peoples in Rome (Archivio della Sacra Congregazione de Propaganda fide), which was formed to collect and keep documents secret diplomatic operation of the Holy See, stored documents covering the period from 1622 to date . The first secretary of the Congregation, Francesco Ingoli since the founding of the Congregation as a "portfolio of propaganda of Catholicism in the world," the documentation systematic and professional in January rasporeduval, and thus the foundations of today's hit records.
When after ten years of work had gathered a large collection of secret documents, Ingoli began to write the first guide (Memory Rerum), making it easy and simple retrieval of all archived documents. On the other hand, fixing a space in the Vatican palace housing the archives, Pope Urban VIII showed not only an understanding of the efforts of Ingoli but with this precious collection placed under the personal supervision and patronage. For a document contained in the Apostolic office, where was the office Ingoli and then from there, after his death, the collection was moved into the building of the Congregation for the Evangelisation of Peoples. By the late 18th century this archive possessed wealth which attracted the attention of the French Emperor Napoleon. Namely, Napoleon ordered the entire archive material to be conveyed to France, where, after his fall, again returned to Rome and placed at the Congregation, where he is today. During transport in France or in returning back, a few boxes of important documents were lost forever, and 74 boxes arrived in Vienna. These 74 boxes Austrian government returned the Congregation until 1925. As she worked Congregation, or the Centre for Evangelisation of Peoples in the Vatican?


According to documents from the functioning of this institution can be seen that is established at the time of Pope Gregory the fifteenth. The document of incorporation was signed on January 6, 1622, and the main task was to become central and supreme authority of spreading the Catholic faith, or to create union with Orthodoxy and return of Protestants in the bosom of the Roman Catholic Church. Moreover, the obligation of the Congregation was to organize and monitor the spread of Catholicism among nehristijanite. Congregation, under the act for its establishment was constituted by 13 cardinals, of whom one was prefect, two prelates and a secretary. In this composition later entered a karmelitanec and then protonotar and accessories of the Holy device. Members of the Congregation held regular meetings once a month, usually in the presence of the pope. At those sessions (Congregazione Generals) were considered important issues, while those complex were poveruvani special committee that led the Cardinals Congregation and other experts (Congregazione patrikolari). Everyday things led prefect of the Congregation of the Secretary and minutantite. They held meetings once a week (Congressi). Questions, seeking intervention of the Pope, had been personally soopshtuvani him the audience. His decisions were published by the Congregation Ordinance, references and letters.

By 1665 General or monthly sessions are held in the presence of the pope, but the practice is discontinued in 1666. Since then, the secretary of the Congregation, on certain days, he informed the pope of the most important questions asked of him the necessary approvals to address issues that exceeds the jurisdiction of the prefect and the whole congregation. From these reports, and brief applications submitted to the Pope, established a special fund. Most documents in this fund related to issues of private character, application, indulgencii, privileges, permits marriage in prohibited degrees of kinship and the like. These questions or issues that referring to the pope, initially were noted in general notebooks, and later each subject was relegated to a separate sheet. At the end of the sheet the secretary of the Congregation in January noted the decision of the pope.


In a document in 1624 to talk about recovery Illyrian college means Slavic Loreto College, which would set up in 1580. That his education at the college began 40 students. Before, in 1593, the same college was moved to Rome, and the number of students was reduced to 12 students. In 1619, Dalmatian bishops asked Pope Paul V to decide college to return to Loreto, and also to allocate places on the cadets' Serbs, Bulgarians and Macedonians, which in future will have reason to refer to the Holy See for scholarships ". So, since 1619 the Vatican made a distinction between Macedonians, Serbs and Bulgarians, so for them was granted a special quota in college, a special category of the application documents as a separate nation which needs to allocate a certain number of seats by nationality . College in Loreto in 1620 studied three Macedonians, scholarships from the Vatican.

Besides this, in the Archives of Kogregacijata or the Vatican, there is another document which is very important to us. It is a letter dated February 1625, sent from Mantova from Ohrid Patriarch Porphyrius Paleologos. The letter informs the Pope that because of illness detained in Mantova, and that he received the news was not returned to his residence in Ohrid, because it threatens great danger from the Turks because of the large debt to his predecessors to the gate. It is a tax imposed by the Sultan, who Ohrid Patriarchate could not pay. At issue are about 40,000 scant. Once Congregation has received this letter the patriarch Porphyrius, walked offer to stay in Mantova and serve in the church according to his ordinance, but Porphyrius that offer would not accept without the permission of the pope. Congregation immediately notified the pope's request Ohrid Patriarch or letter Porphyrius decided to submit the decision to the pope.

BY ALEXANDER homeland!

Extremely interesting are the two original letters of the "bishop of the Macedonian Fatherland Mardarius velikogo Cara Alexandra," Bishop of Ohrid archbishopric, sent to Cardinal Beberini, which complains about the whims that make Turks, Albanians, especially in his diocese. In both his letters, which arrived in the Congregation, and was familiar with them and the pope, says that he is "bishop of the Macedonian homeland of Alexander the great king." The background of the same Congregation letter was written to provide insight on the Cardinals and Alvicij Ingolij to see what can be done on the matter. Based on documentation kept in the Vatican Francesko Ingoli as a man of this kind of government the Vatican, detailed report to the Pope for this problem of the Archbishop. The whole correspondence occurs in January and February 1640.

A very interesting document is a letter from Pashtrovikji of 15 February 1642, in which Francesco De Leonardis, Special Envoy of the Pope, who was waiting to fly to Pec, where the Serbian Patriarch was to negotiate a union of the Serbian Orthodox Church with the Holy See the Vatican, reports on the situation on the ground. In his confidential letter, Leonardis inform the Pope is forced to postpone their trip to Pecs, because he was informed that Serbian Patriarch traveled to Constantinople "where the Ohrid Patriarch tries to subdue all the former territories under its jurisdiction or to declared the head of 'Bulgaria, Serbia, Macedonia and Bosnia.' " It happens in the middle of the 17th century. In this respect very interesting and a notice sent to Skopje on 22 March 1642, so one month after the panic of the Serbs that the Ohrid Patriarch to agree with the sultan recover full control of the Ohrid archbishopric on his past, seized territories. The barskiot Archbishop George Bianchi, reports that the Skopje Crna Gora, except Orthodox, 500 Catholics live, and no Muslim.
How and when are inhabited by Albanians on the ground today Aracinovo to Tanusevci, no data in the Congregation.

In any case, these and many other documents are kept in the Vatican will surely shed new light on the darkened part of Balkan history, which, as you know, especially after the collapse of ancient Macedonia, wrote the only winners.
In the name of the blood and the sun, the dagger and the gun, Christ protect this soldier, a full blooded Macedonian.
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