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Old 09-06-2008, 12:02 PM   #1
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Default Paionia and Paionians

Who were really these people?

Little is known about them and they are listed mostly either as Thracians or Illyrians.
They inhabited all of the Axios (Vardar) valley as even Homer himself mentions in Iliad.
They are presented there as allies of the Troyans.

After the invasion of Macedonians from Upper Macedonia (circ 700-650 BC) and the establishment of the kingdom of Macedon (capital Aigai) as well as the wars of Alexander I,they were expelled from the lower bank of the river,but continued to have their independent kingdom in what is today (more or less) RoM.
Their capital was Vylazora (modern Veles in RoM).

Philip II of Macedon subdued the Paionians after defeating them during his campaign in 358 BC.
In the 3rd century BC Paionians reestablished their kingdom's independence but in 217 BC,Philip V reconquered the land.

After the Roman conquest Paionia was incorporated in the perfectura Macedonia (as well as part of Illyria,and from time to time Epirus and Thessaly)
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Old 09-07-2008, 08:37 PM   #2
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The Paionians are regarded as descendants of the Phrygians.
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Old 09-07-2008, 09:49 PM   #3
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Is there much info on any struggle they put up against Filip II, or did they 'integrate' quite easily? Is it possible they are the same people divided into tribes? Anymore info on them?
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Old 09-08-2008, 05:44 AM   #4
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Hey guys, Bylazora was discovered near sveti nikole a few days ago, I had a post in the archeology section.



Hopefully this answers some important questions regarding their relationship with Macedonians

The Paeonians joined Macedonia proper on a few occasions I believe. Finally being absorbed completely into the Macedonian nation after christ.

Either way they are a sure part of our history
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Old 09-08-2008, 05:50 AM   #5
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interesting thread. i've often thought about reading more on the paeonians but have never got there. can anyone recommend an authoritative source/read on the paeonians?
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Old 09-09-2008, 08:09 AM   #6
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what language did the paeonians speak? how did the macedonians communicate with them ... interpreters or not?
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Old 09-09-2008, 08:17 AM   #7
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Nice post toothpaste, you are a bucket full of sunshine......

So are you implying that we the Macedonians are descendants of the Paionians and you Greeks living in the Greek part of Macedonia are descendants of the Ancient Macedonians, is it this you are trying to say in a very subtle kind of way?
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Old 09-09-2008, 08:42 AM   #8
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Quote:
Originally Posted by sydney View Post
what language did the paeonians speak? how did the macedonians communicate with them ... interpreters or not?
The so-called barbarian language (which the Greeks didnít understand and called it barbarian), they both knew and understood each other, Alexander had a number of Paeonian Generals in his army, one of them was called General Ariston of Peaonia.
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Old 09-09-2008, 11:39 AM   #9
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Only some words and place names survived of the paionian language.
Like tilon ,paprax (fish), monapos (bull) ,Bylazora,Astibos,Doberos.

Some names of gods are also known as Dryalus (Dionysus) and Bendis (Artemis).

Some names of kings too:
* Agis
* Lycceius (also Lyppeius or Lycpeius )
* Patraus
* Derronaios
* Dropion
* Audoleon
* Eupolemenos
* Bastareus
* Nicarchus
And names of Paionian tribes:
* Aestraei
* Agrianes
* Laeaeans
* Odomantians
* Paeoplians
* Siropaionians (or Siropaeonians)

Athenaeus (ix. p. 398) implies that their language was similar to Mysian.(this reinforces the probability of connection with the Phrygians).
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Old 09-09-2008, 11:48 AM   #10
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Quote:
Originally Posted by toothpaste View Post
Only some words and place names survived of the paionian language.
Like tilon ,paprax (fish), monapos (bull) ,Bylazora,Astibos,Doberos.

Some names of gods are also known as Dryalus (Dionysus) and Bendis (Artemis).

Some names of kings too:
* Agis
* Lycceius (also Lyppeius or Lycpeius )
* Patraus
* Derronaios
* Dropion
* Audoleon
* Eupolemenos
* Bastareus
* Nicarchus
And names of Paionian tribes:
* Aestraei
* Agrianes
* Laeaeans
* Odomantians
* Paeoplians
* Siropaionians (or Siropaeonians)

Athenaeus (ix. p. 398) implies that their language was similar to Mysian.(this reinforces the probability of connection with the Phrygians).
alot of names ending in -os-us-on-s thus they must also be considered Greek.........
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